Wassily KANDINSKY

Wassily Kandinsky was born in Moscow in 1866. Between 1886 and 1892, he studied law and economics at the University of Moscow. In 1897, Kandinsky moved to Munich to study art, first with Anton Azbe and then with Franz von Stuck. From 1901-03, Kandinsky taught at the art school of Phalanx, where he met Gabriele Münter, who would be his companion until 1914. In 1909, Kandinsky was elected president of the newly founded Neue Künstlervereinigung München (NKVM), whose first show took place at Heinrich Thannhauser’s Moderne Galerie in Munich that year.In 1911, Kandinsky and Franz Marc began to make plans for Der Blaue Reiter Almanac, whilst Kandinsky also published On the Spiritual in Art. Kandinsky and Marc withdrew from NKVM and, in 1912, both exhibited at the inaugural Der Blaue Reiter exhibition held at the Moderne Galerie. Kandinsky’s first solo show came later that year at Der Sturm gallery, Berlin, and the following year one of his works was included in the Armory Show. From 1914 to 1921, Kandinsky lived in Moscow, Russia, working for the People’s Commissariat of Education.

 

In 1922, Kandinsky began teaching at the Bauhaus in Weimar. The following year he was given his first solo show in New York by the Société Anonyme, of which he became vice-president. In 1924, Kandinsky formed the Blaue Vier (Blue Four) group along with Lyonel Feininger, Alexej Jawlensky, and Paul Klee. He moved with the Bauhaus to Dessau in 1925 and became a German citizen in 1928. The Nazi government closed the Bauhaus in 1933 and later that year Kandinsky settled in Neuilly-sur-Seine, near Paris; he acquired French citizenship in 1939.

 

Kandinsky’s work can be found in the following selected international collections: the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), New York; the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York; Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo; San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (SFMoMA); the State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg; State Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow; Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow; Museum Kunstpalast, Düsseldorf; Städtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus, Munich; Beyeler Foundation, Basel; Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam; Musée National d'Art Moderne, Centre Pompidou, Paris; the Tate Collection, London.

 

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