Born in 1903 in Piatra Neamt, Romania, Brauner studied at the National School of Fine Arts in Bucharest. Throughout the early years of his career, Brauner experimented with different artistic styles including Modernism, Expressionism, Abstractionism, and Dada. Starting from 1924, while working at the magazine 75HP, founded alongside poet Ilarie Voronca, Brauner started to solidify his artistic language and narrowed the scope of his influences. After moving to Paris in the early 1930s, he met Constantin Brâncusi, and lived in the same building as Yves Tanguy and Alberto Giacometti. In the same period, Brauner became close with André Breton, who wrote the introduction to the catalogue of Brauner's first exhibition in Paris, held at the Pierre Gallery. As a result, Brauner became associated with the Surrealist movement, based on the interests and directions his careers was already taking. While keeping this association in mind, after the World War II, Brauner developed a new imagery, including references to Egyptian hieroglyphics and Tarot card imagery, through which he expressed an original and unique vision of existence.
Today his works are held in many major collections around the world, including: Musée National d'Art Moderne, Centre Pompidou, Paris; the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; the Museum of Modern Art, New York; and The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York.
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