Henry Moore was born in 1898 in Castleford, Yorkshire. After the First World War, Moore studied at Leeds School of Art in 1919 and the Royal College of Art in London in 1921, where he would go on to teach. Throughout the 1930s, thanks to numerous commissions and exhibitions Moore started to be considered as one of the leading avant-garde artists. In 1948, Moore was the sole representative of the British Pavilion at the Venice Biennale XXIV, winning the International Sculpture Prize. After the Second World War, Moore and his wife Irina Radetsky relocated from London to Perry Green, Hertfordshire where they would live for the rest of their lives. While living in the countryside, Moore started to gradually absorb and integrate elements of the natural landscape into his practice, at times exploring the analogies with the human body. In 1977 the artist established the Henry Moore Foundation to support and encourage opportunities in the arts.
The works of Henry Moore can be found in 38 countries around the world. Collections include The Tate, London; The J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; The Museum of Modern Art, New York; The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York; the Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice; and the Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam.
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