Anish Kapoor was born on 12 March 1954 in Bombay (now Mumbai). In the early 1970s, Kapoor moved to London to study for a BA in Fine Art at Hornsey College of Art and then a MA in Fine Art at the Chelsea School of Art and Design. Kapoor first exhibited as part of the New British Sculpture movement, alongside Tony Cragg and Richard Deacon, in the group exhibition New Sculpture (1978) at the Hayward Gallery, London. Two years later, Kapoor had his first solo show at Patrice Alexandre, Paris (1980). It was after representing Britain at the Venice Biennale in 1990 that Kapoor achieved widespread recognition, and the following year he won the Turner Prize. In 1992 he exhibited at documenta IX and in 1999 he was elected a Royal Academician.
Kapoor is particularly known for his unexpected use of terrene materials such as limestone, granite, dirt, concrete, and ground pigments, along with his ability to create engaging environments that inspire a meditative, poetic experience. Reflective surfaces, curvilinear forms and monumental scale are fundamental characteristics of Kapoor’s often monochromatic and deceptively simple works.
Kapoor has completed several commissioned public installations, such as his first permanent site-specific installation in the United States, Cloud Gate (2004), which is commonly known as the “Bean,” in Chicago. Among other public works, he created Sky Mirror (2006) in New York, Cinema di Terra (2009) in the Parco Nazionale del Pollino in southern Italy, and Leviathan (2011) at the Grand Palais in Paris. Kapoor has also had solo exhibitions at the Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston (2008); Royal Academy of Arts, London (2009); National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi (2010); Guggenheim Museum Bilbao (2010); and the École national supérieure des beaux-arts de Paris (2011); Château de Versailles, Paris (2015); Houghton Hall, Norfolk (2020). Kapoor lives and works in London.
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